Venice: Aldus Manutius, 1504.
1st Edition. Hardcover. Folio - over 12 - 15" tall. Near Fine. Item #002037
Folio (308x212 mm). 12, , 273  ff. Signature: , a-b8, a-p8, o-p6, r-u8, x8, v8, z8, &8, A-M8, N6. Woodcut Aldine device on . Separate title to "Problematum Aristotelis" with Aldine device on E1r. Leaf p6r with colophon "Venetiis in Domo Aldi mense Maio M.DIII", last leaf N6r with colophon "Venetiis. mense Martio. M. D. IIII." 18th century plain vellum, spine with two red morocco labels titled in gilt (little edge chipping to one label). Title- and final leaf soiled, spotted and brown stained, otherwise bright with only light age-toning, few mainly marginal wormholes, occasional spotting. Extensive early ink marginalia in Latin (a few cropped at fore edge). An outstanding, wide-margined copy printed on strong paper. ----
BM STC Italian, 1465-1600, S. 43; Adams A 1761; Fock, p.18; Renouard 1504/2; USTC 810862; Dibner 18 and Norman 2066 (for 1st ed. of Theophrastus) - The rare first Aldus edition of Theodorus Gaza's Latin translation from Greek of Aristotle's works on animals and Theophrastus' works on plants. The original Greek manuscripts were brought from Constantinople to Italy by Giovanni Aurispa in the early 15th century and translated into Latin by Theodore Gaza around 1450. The editio princeps of the Greek came out only in 1497, but Gaza's translation, edited by Giorgio Merula, was first published in 1483. Gaza, scholar, scribe and teacher from Thessaloniki, translated many works of Greek science, literature and theology into Latin. He was renowned for the style and accuracy of his translations. Contains the 3rd Latin (1st Aldine) edition of Theophrastus' work on systematic botany which was first published in Latin translation in 1483. "An observer and collector of botanical data rather than a profound theorizer, Theophrastus was handicapped by lack of scientific language. Yet his description of the formation of the plant in the seed, the earliest account known, was the best made for 2000 years; it demonstrated excellent observation" (Dibner).
This edition additionally contains Latin-Greek and Greek-Latin glossaries of technical terms found in Aristotle. The first edition is quite rare on the market. OCLC lists only 4 copies in US public libraries.
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