Lyon: Apud Joannem Certe, in vico Mercatorio sub signo Trinitatis, 1684.
1st Edition. Hardcover. Folio - over 12 - 15" tall. Very Good. Item #002374
Folio (341 x 220 mm). [16 ], 252,  pp. Signatures: ã4 ẽ4 A-2H4 2I2 a1, 135 leaves, errata on last 2 pages. Title printed in red and black with an engraved device signed 'MB'; woodcut headpieces and initials. 8 engravings printed in the text (Tabs IX, X, XIV-XVII, XXII, XXX). 22 engraved plates (tabs iv and v supplied from a one mm shorter copy), engraved arms of the dedicatee, Pierre de Roussy, archbishop of Narbonne, engraved portrait of the author signed 'Math: Boulanger Fe.' and 22 anatomical plates, 16 folding, several made up of 2 or more sheets pasted together, numbered continuously with the engravings printed in the text. There are 30 anatomical illustrations in all, numbered I-XXX, signed 'Beaudeau sculpsit Monsp.' except XX and XXX unsigned. A few leaves lightly browned, folding plate XXIII with closed tear. A fine, fresh, clean, and large copy. 18th-century English panelled calf. Neat repairs to joints and head and tail caps; corners worn. Provenance: Thomas Symonds of Pengethley with his signature, purchase price 30 s, engraved bookplate, manuscript notes and inserted index*; library of Walter Pagel. ----
Wellcome V, p.350 (1685 title); Krivatsy 12403 (1685 title); Garison-M. 1379; Norman 2153 ; LeFanu, Notable Medical Books in the Lilly Library p.95 ; En français dans le texte 120. FIRST EDITION. An 'editio novissima' was printed by Certe in 1716 . The best description and illustrations of the nervous system made in the 17th century. Based on 500 dissections, all the illustrations are life size. "It was illustrated with thirty particularly fine engravings by Jean Beaudeau, most of them on foldout pages larger than the pages of the book. It also contained a splendid portrait of the author by Boulanger. Vieussens was an untiring dissector, and his work revealed the structure and arrangement of the nervous system better than any predecessor in addition to recording new and correct observations. For example, he showed that the spinal cord was an independent structure, not merely an appendage of the brain, and he first defined the contrum ovale." (LeFanu).
"Vieussens, professor at Montpellier, was the first to describe the centrum ovale correctly. The publication of the above work threw new light on the subject of the configuration and structure of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves." (Garrison-Morton).
"The two largest plates (Tabs XXVIII and XXIX) are each made up of 6 sheets pasted together. In order to show both the left and right sides of the body, the left hand side of the plate is made up from the direct impressions of three engravings, the right hand side from counter-proofs of the same plates. The majority of the plates are signed 'Beaudeau sculpsit Monsp.' The engraver was thus presumably working directly in Montpellier under Vieussens' direction. The portrait and 'JC' monogram device on the title are probably both by Mathieu Boulanger, who signed the portrait. Bénézit lists an engraver of this name active in Paris in the 17th century but gives no other details. In some copies the date on the title-page is 1685; both titles have the words 'editio nova', in this case meaning a new and original publication, rather than a new edition. When Jean Certe produced another edition in 1716, the year after Vieussen's death, he called it 'editio novissima'. *The former owner of this copy, Thomas Symonds of Pengethley Manor, Herefordshire paid 30s for it, but then noted that it was listed in Thomas Osborne's Catalogue, 1752, at 9s. He has written a note on the book, comparing it with other works on neurology, on the pastedown (22 lines) and his 8-page MS index is tipped in. The errata are corrected, as well as pencil annotations in the margins which may also be in Symonds' hand." (R. Gaskell, Books from the Library of Walter Pagel, Pt. II, 182).
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