Franz Riklin's copy of the foundation of psychoanalysis
Leipzig and Vienna: Franz Deuticke, 1900.
1st Edition. Hardcover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. Very Good. Item #002915
8vo (222 x 143 mm). , 371,  pp. Contemporary three-quarter calf over marbled boards, spine lettered and decoated in gilt (extremities slightly rubbed), marbled edges, few gatherings working loose but holding. Text little age-toned only, faint staining at fore-margin of title page, otherwise crisp and clean, two pages with light pencil markings. Provenance: Franz Riklin* (signed on first flyleaf and top title-page); R. Fischer, Zürich (sticker of bindery on final flyleaf). A very good+ copy of important provenance in untouched contemporary binding. ----
PMM 389; Norman F33; Horblit 32; Grolier/Medicine 87; Heirs of Hippocrates 2176; Garrison-M. 4980. - First edition of The Interpretation of Dreams, Freud's greatest single work and the foundation of psychoanalysis. Freud's first major work on psychology, Die Traumdeutung contains "all the basic components of psychoanalytic theory and practice" (PMM): displacement, regression, the libido, Oedipal impulses and the erotic nature of dreams. "Freud gave an unprecedented precision and force to the idea of the essential similarities of normal and abnormal behaviour, opening up the door to the irrational that had been closed to Western pychology since the time of Locke" (Norman). Freud has been ranked 'with Charles Darwin and Karl Marx as one of the three great revolutionary thinkers of the nineteenth century' (pace I. Bernhard Cohen, cf. Grolier Medicine). Freud's biographer and colleague Ernest Jones recorded that the manuscript of Die Traumdeutung was finished by 11 September 1899. Freud sent a copy to his close associate Wihelm Fleiss which was inscribed with the date 24 October 1899 (cf. Norman F33, Fleiss' copy). According to Jones, the work was "actually published on November 4, 1899, but the publisher chose to put the date 1900 on the title page" (Sigmund Freud: Life and Work, London, 1956-1957), I, p. 395). The first edition was of 600 copies, and as Eimas notes, the book "is now quite scarce". Initially, the work went virtually unnoticed. Jones notes that eighteen months after publication, "no scientific periodical, and only a few others, had mentioned the book. It was simply ignored [...] Seldon has an important book produced no echo whatever. It was ten years later, when Freud's work was coming to be recognized, that a second edition was called for" (Jones op. cit., pp. 395-396).
*Franz Riklin (1878-1938) was a Swiss psychiatrist, cousin of Carl Gustav Jung, and early member of the "Zurich School", together with Eugen Bleuler, Alphonse Maeder and Jung. It was at the Zurich University Psychiatric Clinic, nicknamed the "Burghölzli", that Jung and Riklin experimented with "free associations" and in 1905 they together published "Experimentelle Untersuchungen über Assoziationen Gesunder". He published another important work: "Wunscherfüllung und Symbolik im Märchen" (Wish-Fulfillment and Symbolism in Fairy Tales). In 1910, Riklin became the first secretary of the International Psychoanalytic Association.
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