Paris: Robert Estienne, 1538.
1st Edition. Hardcover. Folio - over 12 - 15" tall. Very Good. Item #003100
4 September 1538. Folio (278 x 189 mm). , 757  pp. Printer's woodcut device on title-page, large criblé floral woodcut initials, text in double column, Latin text in roman type and French text in italic, colophon on final leaf BB3v, bound without the final blank. Signatures: [alpa]2 a-z8 A-Z8 AA8 BB4 (-BB4 blank). Date from colophon. Bound in restored early 19th-century sheep, spine with later red morocco label titled in gilt (spine, extremities and board margins heavily rubbed, corners bumped), red-dyed edges, marbled endpapers (upper inner hinge split). Light even browning of text, occasional minor spotting, faint contemporary annotations in ink to p.376, upper margins trimmed close (but not touching headline), leaf P1 with expertly restored torn upper portion (text supplied in neat manuscript), 2 tiny burn holes in leaf S4. Provenance: Vicomte Courtat (inscribed on final final free endpaper). A very good, clean and unstained copy. ----
PMM 62; STC 156; Adams S 1803; Renouard 46,4. RARE FIRST EDITION OF ROBERT ESTIENNE'S FIRST BILINGUAL DICTIONARY, based on the Thesaurus (1531, augmented in 1536). "The Dictionarium latino-gallicum, which appeared in 1538 and was twice reissued, was more than an abridgment of the 1536 Thesaurus, the existing French translations being in many cases revised and others added. The idea of a bilingual dictionary was not his own . . . It seems, however, that Estienne's work was recognized as an improvement on anything else available" (Armstrong, p. 88). "The Dictionarium latino-gallicum ... of 1538 ... received, understandably, an even greater acclaim [than the Thesaurus], was reprinted in 1543 and 1546, and served as the acknowledged model of the Latin-German (Zürich, 1568) and Latin-Flemish (Antwerp, Plantin, 1573) dictionaries." (PMM). Estienne's "main innovations were threefold: contrary to the practice of his predecessors, [Estienne] based his vocabulary exclusively on classical authors . . . he clarified the meaning of the words by citing reputable authorities . . . and he illustrated the correct usage of words and phrases by ample quotations from classical sources." (PMM). - Visit our website for additional images and information.
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