The rare first Latin edition of the Dialogo printed in England
Systema cosmicum ... in quo quatuor dialogis, de duobus maximis mundi systematibus, Ptolemaico & Copernicano.
London: Thomas Dicas for D. Pauli, 1663.
3rd Edition. Hardcover. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. Very Good. Item #003117
8vo (169 x 107 mm). , 704 (i.e. 702),  pp., including engraved additional title, woodcut diagrams in text, blank leaves [A]1 (signed "A" on recto) and [A]8, 12 leaves of index at end. Signatures: [A]8, B-3A8. Contemporary calf, spine with 5 raised bands, compartments lettered and decorated in gilt (rebacked preserving original spine, covers stained, corners scuffed, original endpapers). Light browning of text, occasional minor spotting, a few short clean tears to blank margins, some rust spots, two with small hole affecting a few letters (leaves I6 and S6). Provenance: Library stamp partially removed from verso of title. Still very good copy. ----
Carli and Favaro 287; Cinti 140; Riccardi I, 513.10; Wing G-168 & 165. FIRST EDITION PRINTED IN ENGLAND, and the third Latin edition of the Dialogo. Wing notes two printings of this year, but was probably confused by varying reports of engraved and printed titles. Wing G165 gives the engraved title as above, omitting the imprint; G168 gives the printed title as above, with matching form of imprint. The text includes, after the end of the Dialogus, an excerpt from Kepler, and Foscarini's reconciliation of the Copernican system with Scripture. This edition is very rare in the trade and at auction with only 4 copies recorded at auction in the past 50 years. Our copy sold 2011 at Christie's London for GBP 10,000 (lot 42). The Dialogo is the summation of Galileo's astronomical work, and his celebrated advancement of the Copernican system in the form of an irrefutable hypothesis. The inconclusive debate on the subject between three participants which Pope Urban VIII had expected was hardly evident in the sure reasoning of Salviati, the pointed questioning of Sagredo, and the feeble responses of Simplicio (a figure sometimes equated with the Pope himself). While the hypothetical nature of the argument should not be forgotten, Galileo's book 'revels in the simplicity of Copernican thought and, above all, it teaches that the movement of the earth makes sense in philosophy, that is, in physics ... The Dialogo, more than any other work, made the heliocentric system a commonplace' (PMM). The Italian first edition (Florence: 1632) was banned by the Pope and withdrawn from circulation shortly after publication, leading to the author's trial and imprisonment a year later; it was followed by the first Latin edition, published in Strasbourg in 1635, which was translated by the history professor and mathematics enthusiast Matthias Bernegger at Galileo's request. - Visit our website for additional images and information.
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