The Hague: Samuel Broun, 1651.
1st Edition. Hardcover. Folio - over 12 - 15" tall. Very Good. Item #003153
Folio (278 x 179 mm). , 262,  pp. Including additional engraved allegorical title, typographic explanation of engraved title bound at beginning, typographic title printed in red and black, extra engraved portrat frontispiece of the author by A. Bloooteling tipped in, 18 numbered anatomical engravings of which 8 full-page (engraving 12 is an inserted plate), 2 small unnumbered engravings, woodcut head-piece and initials, with final blank leaf. Contemporary calf, old rebacking retaining contemporary blind-ruled calf covers, gilt-lettered red morocco spine label, marbled endpapers, red-dyed edges (extremities rubbed and with minor chipping, corners heavily scuffed). Little browning mostly to margins, engraved title with some foxing in outer margins, plate 12 with 3 clean tears (one repaired) and 2 marginal chips (without loss of image), plate 18 trimmed close at fore-marging just touching frame of engraving, a few smaller ink smudges. Provenance: W. Bruce Fye; Library of the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland (old bookplate to front pastedown), old ownership inscriptions and extensive marginal notes throughout text and the final blank in neat contemporary hands.
Norman 1071; Garrison-Morton 382; Heirs of Hippocrates 499; NLM/Krivatsy 5602; DSB VI, p.386-7; Russell 416; Waller 4456; Wellcome III, p. 263. FIRST EDITION of the first English anatomy to accept William Harvey's theory of the circulation of the blood. "Although Highmore's physiology reflects the still medieval thinking of his time, the book was accepted as a standard anatomical textbook for many years and brought the author immediate recognition in England and abroad" (DSB). The work is dedicated to Harvey, with whom Highmore had worked at Oxford on experiments concerning the embryonic development of the chick. The engraved title represents an allegory of the body as a well-watered garden. Highmore's work was intended "to redesign physiology and anatomy in the direction of Harvey's theory of the circulation of the blood . . . Agreeing with Harvey that the heart's sustaining relationship to the body was analogous to the sun in the wider macrocosm, Highmore explicitly defined the origin and function of circulation beyond Harvey's more circumspect treatment" (ODNB). The Corporis includes some spectacular illustrations of the heart and vascular system. They represent the first original interpretation of the cardiovascular system after Harvey's discovery (which contained no illustrations save for Fabricus ab Aquapendente's illustration of the venous valves in the forearm. Highmore devotes the entire second part of his second book to the heart and circulation. Plates 13 and 14 depict the interior of the opened heart with the connections of the great vessels. These are the first original anatomical plates of the heart published after the discovery of the circulation. The Corporis also contains the first description of the 'antrum of Highmore' (maxillary sinus) and of the 'corpus Highmori' (mediastinal testis). Russell, British Anatomy, p.415 points out that the British Library Sloan MS 546 & 547 are manuscripts for this work. Sloan MS 546, in Highmore's hand, corresponds to Book One of the printed edition, and includes two drawings, presumably by Highmore, which were reproduced in the printed edition. If so, it is possible that the author drew the remainder of the illustrations for his book. The tipped-in engraved portrait of the author by A. Blooteling is dated 1677 and does not belong to this edition. - Visit our website for additional images and information.
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