[The Hague?]: [publisher unknown], 1745.
1st Edition. Hardcover. 12mo - over 6¾ - 7¾" tall. Very Good. Item #003516
Venus physique. [The Hague?]: [publisher unknown], 1745. Two parts. , 1-86, 67-194 pp. Part titles within pagination, woodcut head- and tailpieces. Bound without final blank S6. Occasional minor spotting. [Bound before:] II. HYACINTHE, Théodore Baron. Ritus usus et laudabiles Facultatis Medicinae Parisiensis consuetudines. Authoritate totius ejusdem ordinis excusa. Paris: G. F. Quillau, 1751. , 196 pp., woodcut initial, printer's device on title. [Bound after:] III. HYACINTHE, Théodore Baron. Statuta Facultatis Medicinae Parisiensis, supremi senatus Authoritate confirmata anno M.DCC.Ll. Paris: G. F. Quillau, 1751. 126,  pp. Printer's device on title, woodcut initial and headpiece. Occasional very minor spotting. Three works in one volume. 12mo (142 x 80 mm). Contemporary mottled calf, spine gilt-decorated and with 5 raised bands, red-sprinked edges (joints and spine ends repaired, recornered, one of two lettering-pieces gone, spine rubbed). Provenance: modern inscriptions to front free endpaper; some pencil annotations; Collection of Peter and Margarethe Braune. ----
Norman 1460; Garrison-Morton 215.2; Heirs of Hippocrates 847; Osler 3350. FIRST EDITION. Maupertuis's Venus physique refuted the preformationist theories of embryonic development held by most of his contemporaries in favor of the then-discredited epigenetic hypothesis, which Maupertuis had adopted after considering the obvious facts of biparental heredity. Maupertuis rejected all vitalist or spiritual interpretations of the hereditary mechanism, arguing that biparental heredity required corporeal contributions from each parent. This argument was based on research that Maupertuis performed shortly after his arrival in Berlin in 1740, when he began collecting the pedigrees of the polydactylous Ruhe family. These pedigrees showed that the abnormal trait could be passed either by the male or female parent and that the trait tended to weaken and disappear over time as polydactylous individuals continued to marry normal spouses. According to Glass, Maupertuis's theories of biparental heredity and epigenesis substantially anticipated those of Darwin, Mendel and de Vries nearly a century and a half later." (Norman). See also: Glass, Maupertuis, pioneer of genetics and evolution. In: Forerunners of Darwin 1745-1859, ed. Glass, Temkin & Straus (1968) pp. 51-83.
For II + III: Not in Wellcome, NLM/BlakeII and Waller. Wellcome library b14570063. EXCEPTIONALLY RARE FIRST EDITION, FIRST ISSUE about the statutes and history of the Faculty of Medicine in Paris. This work was reissued in 1752 with different pagination. A reprint was issued in 1903. Hyacinthe Théodore Baron (1707-1787) was a French military physician and bibliophile. - Visit our website to see more images!
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