Würzburg: Verlag und Druck der Stahel'schen K.B. Hof- und Universitätsbuch- und Kunsthandlung, 1896.
3rd Edition. Soft cover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. Very Good. Item #003519
Offprint from Sitzungsberichte der Würzburger Physikalisch-medicinischen Gesellschaft, 1895. 8vo (228 x 152 mm). 12 pp. Original publisher's printed wrappers (dust soiled and spotted, front wrapper somewhat chipped at edges with loss). Housed in custom-made folder. Title little browned at outer edges, text clean and unmarked throughout, inner text leaves disbound. Provenance: Morrison(?), signature on front wrapper, Collection of Peter and Margarethe Braune. ----
Klickstein 5; Dibner 162, Sparrow 171, PMM 380 (for 1st edition). THIRD OFFPRINT EDITION, AND EXCEPTIONALLY RARE WITH RÖNTGEN'S SIGNATURE ON WRAPPER, of the groundbreaking presentation of the discovery of x-rays by Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen in the late part of 1895. X-rays nearly immediatly became useful to the medical sciences and Röntgen was presented with numerous medals and prizes, including the Nobel Prize. As a result of the overwhelming demand for the information about Röntgen's discovery, this offprint edition was issued within a few weeks of the original.
"While performing experiments with a Crookes vacuum tube, a type of cathode-ray tube, Röntgen observed that some agent produced in the tube was causing barium platinocyanide crystals to fluoresce. Upon investigation he found that the fluorescence was caused by unknown rays (which he named 'X-rays') originating from the spot where cathode rays hit the glass wall of the vacuum tube. He announced his discovery in the present paper, which described the rays' photographic properties and their amazing ability to penetrate all substances, even living flesh. Although he was unable to determine the true physical nature of the rays, Röntgen was certain that he had discovered something entirely new, a belief soon confirmed by the work of other scientists such as Becquerel, Laue and the Curies. For his discovery, Röntgen was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics for 1901 . . . Röntgen submitted his paper for publication in the obscure Sitzungs-Berichte of the Würzburg Physical-Medical Society, a strategy deliberately employed to assure fast publication." (Norman 1841).
"Their importance in surgery, medicine and metallurgy is well known. Incomparably the most important aspect of Röntgen's experiments, however, is his discovery of matter in a new form, which has completely revolutionized the study of chemistry and physics. Laue and the Braggs have used the X-rays to show us the atomic structure of crystals. Moseley has reconstructed the periodic table of the elements. Becquerel was directly inspired by Röntgen's results to the investigation that discovered radioactivity. Finally J.J. Thomson enunciated the electron theory as a result of investigating the nature of the X-rays." (PMM). - Visit our website to see more images!
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