1st Edition. Hardcover. Very Good. Item #003630
4to (235 x 165 mm). , 106,  pp., including first blank leaf, errata on final leaf recto, title with printer's device, woodcut text diagrams, woodcut initials and headpiece. Signatures: [pi]4 A-M4 N6. Newly bound re-using old vellum (spotted and soiled). A few pages dust- and finger-soiled at blank margin, very minor pale spotting, but generally crisp and clean. A fine, wide-margined copy. ----
DSB XI, p. 411; Riccardi I/2, 374, 9 ("raro"). VERY RARE FIRST EDITION. "Following the Inquisition's condemnation of Galileo's astronomical theories, Riccioli became one of the most ardent opponents of the Copernican system, which he tried to refute in every way. "Fifteen years after the publication of the Almagestum [Novum] a violent controversy erupted between Riccioli, Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, and Stefano degli Angeli over Riccioli's physico-mathematical argument against the motion of the earth, which gave birth to several treatises. Riccioli, attacked personally, reacted angrily, perceptibly hardening his conservative view of the heliocentric system. This is evident in his renewed discussion of the juridical value of the cardinals' decree. In 1665 Adrien Auzout claimed that some Jesuits, including Fabri, Grimaldi, and Riccioli, did not, contrary to the cardinals' decree, consider the earth's motion either absurd or false in philosophy. Riccioli retorted in his Apologia pro argumento physicomathematico contra systema Copernicanurn, insisting that, as far as he and Grimaldi were concerned, Auzout's remarks were untrue: 'We say that it is false that either myself or Grimaldi have ever expressed the opinion that the motion of the earth and the stability of the sun are not absurd and false in philosophy.' The main intention of the cardinals, he was certain, was 'to condemn the opinion of the motion of the earth, and of the immobility of the sun, as heretical, since it contradicts the Holy Scripture literally interpreted.' Thus, Riccioli went beyond the decree itself - and even beyond his former views - in considering the motion of the earth to be heretical, a position not taken by the cardinals. Riccioli further claimed that the condemnation of heliocentrism by the cardinals and by theologians more generally was absolute and not merely provisional or only for the time being [. . .], since the condemnation took it for granted that heliocentrism could never be proved." (M. Feingold, Jesuit Science and the Republic of Letters, MIT Press, 2003, p. 213). - Visit our website to see more images!
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