Paris: Crochard, 1819.
1st Edition. Hardcover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. Very Good. Item #003643
8vo (200 x 122 mm). Entire volume: 448 pp., including half title and general title, 2 folding engraved plates. Contemporary half calf over marbled boards, spine with gilt decoration, gilt-lettered labels and additional printed and hand-lettered paper label, brown sprinkled edges, original light-blue endpapers (leather and extremities rubbed, minor wear to corners). Little age-toning and minor occasional spotting. Provenance: Lycee Faidherbe de Lille (title and some text pages with old library stamp, shelf mark in manuscript to title). Good copy, collated complete. ----
Edmund Whittaker, A History of the Theories of Aether and Electricity I, p. 115). - Parkinson, Breakthroughs, 1819. FIRST EDITION of Arago and Fresnel's milestone paper on the action of rays of polarized light upon each other in which they demonstrated that light vibrates transversely to its direction of forward movement. "The greatest problem [...] confronting the investigators of light was to reconcile the facts of polarization with the principles of the wave-theory. [Thomas] Young had long been pondering over this, but had hitherto been baffled by it. In 1816 he received a visit from Arago, who told him of a new experimental result which he and Fresnel had lately obtained - namely, that two pencils of light, polarized in planes at right angles, do not interfere with each other under circumstances in which ordinary light shows interference-phenomena, but always give by their reunion the same intensity of light, whatever be their difference of path ... By means of this result, Fresnel was able to give a complete explanation of a class of phenomena which Arago had discovered in 1811, viz. that when polarized light is transmitted through thin plates of sulphate of lime or mica, and afterwards analysed by a prism of Iceland spar, beautiful complementary colours are displayed. Young had shown that these effects are due essentially to interference, but had not made clear the part played by polarization." (Whittaker). - Visit our website to see more images!
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