Amsterdam: Jan Rieuwertsz, 1677.
1st Edition. Hardcover. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. Very Good. Item #003713
4to (200 x 153 mm). , 614, ; , 112,  pp. Woodcut device on title, several woodcut text illustrations, woodcut initials and tailpieces, content and errata leaves at end. Without the portrait as usual. Contemporary mottled calf, spine with 5 raised bands richly gilt in compartments, black morroco label with gilt lettering, gilt board-edges, red-dyed edges, original endpapers (joints and corners repaired, leather over spine cracked vertically and torn at head without loss). Internally little browned and somewhat spotted, but generally quite crisp and clean. Provenances: Kaplan Helmut Fahsel (bookplate to front pastedown and his signature); Paul Fauconnet (early ownership signature on title-page); Bibliothèque du Château Le Rosey. A very good copy, collated and complete. ----
Van der Linde 22; PMM 153 (note). FIRST EDITION of Spinoza's posthumous works, including his influential Ethica, more geometrico demonstrata, the work which established Spinoza's reputation as a rationalist and "atheist." It is considered the first systematic exposition of pantheism in which God is identified with the entire universe. With the 'geometric method' Spinoza sought to apply mathematical reasoning to metaphysics. This led to the identification of God with the universe, which came to be viewed as a rational philosophy proclaiming the divinity of nature. The concept was embraced by various German Enlightenment interpreters (Lessing, Jacobi, Herder and Goethe) who, however, rejected Spinoza's method. Spinoza's correspondence among the posthumous works is particularly interesting, providing easier access to his philosophy, as well as dealing with optics, the telescope, and his views on Descartes. The least controversial of his writings, a simple Hebrew grammar composed at the request of friends, may have inspired scriptural studies among a wider audience than his metaphysical readership. The work was banned in Holland in 1678 and placed on the Index in 1679. - Visit our website to see more images!
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